Sutter National Wildlife Refuge Updated:04/2022

Sutter NWR was established in 1945 with funds from the Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp Act (today it is known as Federal Duck Stamp) and the Lea Act. It was established to provide feeding and nesting areas for migratory birds and alleviate crop depredation.

About 80% of the refuge is located in the Sutter Bypass. During major flood events, the Bypass diverts winter flood water from the Sacramento River, which may cover portions of the refuge with up to 12 feet of water.

Waterfowl are present September through April and numbers peak later than most other refuges in the Complex

[ducks and geese in water]
Image Details

between January and February. Sutter NWR regularly supports wintering peak populations of over 150,000 ducks and 70,000 geese.

The mixed riparian forest habitat on the refuge is important for breeding and migrating passerine birds, and supports a large heron/egret rookery. The refuge provides habitat for several Federal and State endangered and threatened species, including giant garter snake, Chinook salmon, yellow-billed cuckoo, and Swainson's hawk.

Contact Sutter National Wildlife Refuge

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Contact Sutter National Wildlife Refuge

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Hughes Rd
Meridian, CA  95957
Phone: 530-934-2801

Service Area

Services provided in:
  • Sutter County, California